Rehabilitation center – what is it and who is it for?

A rehabilitation center is an institution that provides comprehensive addiction therapy for physical, psychological and spiritual recovery. Usually and foremost, these are rehabilitation centers for people with alcohol and drug problems.

"Rehabilitation" is a term that originated from Latin. It consists of the prefix re, which means restoration, repetition, return, and the root habilis, which can be translated as ability, convenience. The term can be interpreted as the restoration of lost abilities.

It must be said, however, that this term is not widely used. In the Soviet Union, it became relevant in the 60s of the last century in connection with the reexamination of many criminal cases. Only later was the term extended to the medical field.
In Scandinavia, rehabilitation is called normalization; in countries where the population speaks mainly French, it is called re-adaptation.

The final fixation of the term "rehabilitation" in medical science is associated with the year1969, when it received international recognition and was reflected in WHO documents. Since that time, rehabilitation is understood as a coordinated and combined use of medical, psychological, social, professional and pedagogical methods that allow training and retraining of a person to ensure his best working ability.

The history of the emergence of rehabilitation centers

Psychological support for patients began to be provided at the end of the eighteenth century. Above all, a similar trend began developing in America. It was in the United States, at the beginning of the twentieth century, that clinics, using a variety of measures to solve the patients' psychological problems, started functioning.

The scientific definition of the concept of rehabilitation was first given by F. Namist in 1903. The Association of Rehabilitation Therapy was therefore founded in this country in 1917. Special training for professional doctors providing rehabilitation services began during the same period.

The success of the rehabilitation process was recognized by the world community. This was reflected by the emergence of national rehabilitation programs supervised by the UN Economic and Social Council.

The widespread opening of rehabilitation centers falls under our time. At the end of the twentieth century, rehabilitation services began to appear at treatment centers, and separate wards and departments were opened.

Rehabilitation centers for drug addicts

A rehabilitation center for drug addicts is a place where people suffering from psychotropic and non-chemical dependence, in particular: drug addiction, alcoholism, gambling, workaholism, etc., undergo rehabilitation. The treatment program provides an analysis of the root causes that lead to the formation of the disease, development of complexes, restoration of the psycho-emotional state, and developing skills for a healthy lifestyle without the need for consumption.
The scientific basis of rehabilitation
The rehabilitation process for addicts showed quite positive results. According to studies, with the right choice of a rehabilitation program, the effectiveness of treatment increases by more than 50%. For such severe types of addictions like alcoholism and drug addiction, this indicator is even higher.

Modern research has proven conclusively that the root cause of addiction is not psychotropic substances or appropriate behavior, such as buying or gambling, but the immaturity of an individual's personality. A rehabilitation course aimed at correcting personal qualities, psychological support, working out complexes and forming healthy lifestyle skills significantly increases the chances of long-term remission.

Rehabilitation under the guidance of experienced specialists helps to identify the causes that led to the formation of addiction, and eliminate them.
How the treatment works
The treatment course varies depending on the specific type of the disease, as well as the stage of its development. In particular, it is accepted that six months is substantial for positive behavioral models to be developed and sustained. Hence, in most professional centers, the rehabilitation course comprises of six months.

Different centers use different methods of treatment. Programs that are based on the approach to addiction as a disease requiring treatment, rather than a vice requiring censure, have shown the greatest effectiveness. Active psychological work aimed at self-development and the formation of a mature personality gives a fruitful result.

The use of occupational therapy in professional rehabilitation centers is acceptable in moderation parallelly with other types of therapy.

Addiction treatment in rehabilitation centers

Addiction is a complex disease that affects not only the patient, but also his relatives. For this reason, rehabilitation centers pay much attention to working with codependents. To ensure a long-term remission, it is necessary that relatives also participate in the recovery, change their habits in communicating with the patient. They are taught this at special trainings and seminars that are arranged for the co-dependents.

The program of some rehabilitation centers provides support for the re-socialization and strengthening of social ties in society, re-adaptation and even employment.

Rehabilitation centers often interact with groups of anonymous addicts who help graduates find themselves in society, overcome the difficulties of the adaptation period, etc. Participation in such groups can be, at the request of the patient, lifelong.

Thus, rehabilitation centers provide comprehensive treatment for addictions. The therapy program is aimed at creating a healthy, complete individual who is ready to take responsibility for his life.
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